Categories: Diseases

Urinary tract infections (UTIs),Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

Are you facing Urinary tract infections Symptoms problems? Don’t ignore this problem. This may harm you. So read this post.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs)

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the other name of cystitis. It is also known as a bladder infection. This type of infections can appear in any part of the urinary system just, like, the kidneys, bladder or urethra.

Generally, urinary tract infections are more common in women Urinary tract infections (UTIs) usually occur in the bladder or urethra, but more serious infections relating to urinary tract infections involved in the kidney.

What are the symptoms of urinary tract infections (UTIs)/urinary tract infection symptoms?

The symptoms of urinary tract infections are as follows:
  1. The symptoms can find out by self-diagnosis those are
  2. During urinary tract infections if the infection is in bladder then it may cause pelvic pain, and increased the urge to urinate
  3. This also may include pain with urination and sometimes blood in the urine
  4. And a kind infection may cause back pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever
  5. And in urinary tract infections, people also had the experience of the following pain
  6. Pain areas:- in urinary tract infections, pain can occur during urination
  7. And sometimes pain may occur during sexual intercourse
  8. Groin  in the bladder
  9. Also, the pain feels in the lower abdomen or pelvis
  10. Urinary:- also pain in urinary tract infections includes
  11. Bladder spasm
  12. Blood in urine
  13. Cloudy urine
  14. Dark urine
  15. Foul-smelling urine
  16. Frequent urination
  17. Persistent urge to urinate or sense incomplete bladder emptying
  18. Whole-body:- urinary tract infections pain also feels in  fatigue
  19. Fever or malaise
  20. Also, some common pain:- cramping or vaginal irritation

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) treatment

The treatment of urinary tract infections is two types and those are as follows:
  1. Medication
  2. Selfcare
  3. Medication
  4. The medications may have two types
  5. Antibiotics
  6. Penicillin antibiotic
  7. Antibiotics:–antibiotics may stop the growth of bacteria or kills bacteria
  8. There are some commonly prescribed antibiotics to treat bacterial urinary tract infections and bladder infections and it also includes Levaquin (levofloxacin)
  9. Cipro Paquin(Ciprofloxacin)
  10. Keflex(Cephalexin)
  11. Zotrim Bactrim(trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole)
  12. Macrobid
  13. Furadantin(nitrofurantoin)
  14. Mongol (Fosfomycin)
  15. Hiprex(methenamine)  Etc

Penicillin Antibiotic

There are some antibiotics, including penicillin for the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs) to see are:
  1. Beta-lactams
  2. Including penicillins
  3. And cephalosporins(for example  -Amoxicillin, augmentin)
  4. Keflex
  5. Duricef
  6. Ceftin
  7. Lorabid
  8. Rocephin
  9. Cephalexin
  10. Suprasiddh and others
  11. But may some organisms have resistance to some of the above drugs

Self Care

Selfcare treatment may include the following:
During sexual intercourse can push bacteria from the vaginal area into the urethra. If you are holding the urine too long there is a chance to increase the disease. When someone holds urine for a too long time there is a chance of multiplying the bacteria which can cause or worsen a urinary tract infection

What is the best antibiotic for urinary tract infections (UTIs)?

There are some drugs that are commonly used and prescribed to treat urinary tract infections those are:
  1. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra others)
  2. Fosfomycin (Monurol)
  3. Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)

Urinary tract infections in Men

The infection, which is caused by bacteria in any part of the urinary system which is made up of the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra.
Urinary tract infections is most common in women and it is very rare in men
In worldwide, each year around 3℅ of men are affected by urinary tract infections (UTIs)
When a urinary tract infection affects in men it is usually considered very complicated and more likely to spread to the kidneys and upper urinary tract
But in some cases may even require surgery

Symptoms of urinary tract infections(UTIs) in men

Generally, the men those are affected with urinary tract infections may have no signs or symptoms of the infection but however when symptoms do occur they can include the followings:
  1. Pain during urination
  2. Frequent urge to urinate inability to start urinating
  3. Also a slow urine stream or urine leakage
  4. And also a sudden need to urinate
  5. The release of only small amounts of urine at a time
  6. Sometimes blood falls in urine
  7. Pain in the central lower of the abdomen
Men having complicated urinary tract infections can also experience one or more of the following symptoms. They are :
  1. Fever
  2. Chills
  3. Nausea
  4. Vomiting
  5. Back pain
There also includes the symptoms and signs that the disease has spread to the kidneys or the upper urinary tract
Also, an infection that has spread here is a more serious problem that requires prompt treatment.

Causes and risk factors of urinary tract infections

Generally, urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria
In older men have a higher risk of having urinary tract infections especially if they are after the age of 50. In most cases, it is seen that in older men are caused by the bacterium known as Escherichia coli (E.COLI) it is naturally present in our body. In younger men are typically caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs). When the bacteria bacterium gets into the urinary tract through the urethra and starts multiplying then urinary tract infections develop. As men have a longer urethra than women they are less prone to urinary tract infections because bacteria need to travel a longer distance to reach the bladder

Urinary tract infections are four times more common in women than in men

In men, if a person has a risk of developing urinary tract infections increases if they have Diabetes
Kidney stones
  1. An enlarged prostate
  2. An abnormal narrowing of the urethra
  3. An inability to voluntary control urination
  4. An inability to empty the bladder completely
  5. Not drunk enough liquids
  6. Not been circumcised

A past diagnosis of urinary tract infections

Urinary tract abnormalities that prevent urine from leaving the body normality or cause to back up in the urethra had anal intercourse which can expose the urethra to bacteria
A health condition or taking medications that suppress the immune system. Had a procedure involving instrumentation on the urinary tract.
Example:- a small  camera known as a Cystoscopy to examine the bladder and urethra

Diagnosis procedure of urinary tract infections/diagnosis

The following are the procedure for diagnosis:
  1. Physical examination
  2. Physical examination includes
  3. Checking of the vital signs
  4. Checking abdomen
  5. Bladder area
  6. Sides and back pain or swelling
  7. Examining the genitals
  8. Medical history
Before starting the procedure of diagnosis of urinary tract infections a doctor or examiner has to collect all family history of urinary tract infections.

Laboratory tests

The diagnosis procedure must include the laboratory tests for urinary tract infections
A urine sample is usually needed to look for the presence of purpose and the bacteria causing infections

Collect the midstream sample in a cup for test

The doctor may ask for a urine test strip
Also known as a urine dipstick test also a quick test is done by plastic or paper ribbon dipped in the sample and removed then if urinary tract infections are positive then the paper should turn into a particular color:
This test only should be done in the morning time

Other medical examination

The other medical examinations for urinary tract infections are as follows:
For the people having a history of kidney stones Diabetes
  1. Polycystic
  2. kidneys
  3. Or tuberculosis
Also, the doctor may require imaging examinations

Treatment for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in men

The treatment procedure of urinary tract infections in men is as follows
Urinary tract infections in men are usually complicated and require treatment
The goal of treatment is to prevent the infection from spreading to the kidneys or the upper urinary tract
The treatment generally depends upon the cause of infections
It is usually included antibiotic medications to kill the bacteria and drugs to reduce the person’s symptoms, including the symptoms like those pain and burning while urinating
The duration of the treatment of urinary tract infections can vary in between 3days to 6 weeks, it is depending upon the complicating factors
But a minimum 7days is usually warranted
The patients those are affected they should drink plenty of water and liquids for urination and flash the bacteria from your body
It is not scientifically proved but the drinking of cranberry juice is contains substances that make it difficult for bacteria to stay in urinary tract, helping to flush it out
Men can take a serious of actions to reduce the risk of getting urinary tract infections such as
Emptying the bladder often
Drinking plenty of liquids especially water
Carefully cleaning the genitals before and after sex to remove bacteria
Cleaning from front to back when toileting wearing condoms during sex
Condoms are available for purchase online and in various medical stores also
Urinating after sex to remove any bacteria that might have been passed during sexual intercourse
The most common urinary tract infections occur mainly in women and affect the bladder and urethra
Infection of the bladder (cystitis)
The type of urinary tract infections is usually caused by Escherichia coli (E.COLI)
It is a type of bacterium usually found in the gastrointestinal tract (gi tract)

What is the main cause of urinary tract infections?

The main cause of urinary tract infections is as follows
There are the vast majority of urinary tract infections are caused by the digestive system
Chlamydia and  mycoplasma bacteria can infect the urethra but not the bladder
Urinary tract infections are given different names depending on where they occur

Warning-: before test and diagnosis the doctor should take all the medical history and all the family history and all the diseases history of the patient

MANOJ KUMAR RANA

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